Monday, December 7, 2015

Research Blog #8: Interview or Primary Source Material

I have chose to review the talk shows that my friend, Madison Holleran's, family had the pleasure to go on to talk about Madison's suicide. I chose this instead of interviewing someone for two main reasons: one being that suicide and depression is very hard to talk about and two because I felt being that it is very personal it was not right for me to ask question and then post it on here. I also found that because I was close to Madison and I know her family and have read most articles and seen almost very video made for or about her it would be interesting to be able to touch on that in my paper. Knowing Madison to be a personable and bubbly person it was heartbreaking to hear of her passing. No one would ever see her without a smile plastered on her face or laughing her way down the hallways or through town. After learning about her suicide, many were afraid that by talking about her death would cause others to see this as a positive. Her fame after her death is not something people were trying to promote, but instead to be a way to start having an open conversation for this touching topic.

Literature Review Blog #5

  1. (1) Visual: 
  1. (2) Citation: Czyz, Ewa K., et al. "Self-Reported Barriers To Professional Help Seeking Among College Students At Elevated Risk For Suicide." Journal Of American College Health 61.7 (2013): 398-406 9p. CINAHL with Full Text. Web. 6 Dec. 2015.
  1. (3) Summary: This case study talks about the students who have self-reported barriers to professional help along with other college students at elevated risks which determined how badly suicidal they are. They talk a lot about how they got these students to participate in the case study, and then the authors talk about the results. They go on to talk about the conclusion and that  the efforts are aimed at students at these elevated risk for suicide. 
  1. (4) Authors: Ewa K. Czyz, MS; Adam G. Horwitz, BA; Daniel Eisenberg, PhD; Anne Kramer, LMSW; Cheryl A. King, PhD
  1. (5) Key Terms: Seeking Help- how important and relevant it is in the students lives.
  1. Suicide Risk- the research on the different types of characteristics and qualities of suicidal students.

  1. (6) Quotes: Of the demographic variables, sex and race were found to differentiate students’ self-reported reasons for not seeking professional mental health services. (page 401) 
  1. Moreover, in contrast to most existing studies, our focus was on non–help-seeking students with more severe and recent symptoms, indicating elevated risk for suicidal behavior; the severity of these students’ problems suggested that they might benefit from mental health services. (Pages 402-403)
  1. It appears that not only do students question if their problems are serious enough to require professional help, they also question the usefulness, or the cost-benefit, of professional sources of help given the time demands of being a college student, the inconveniences associated with accessing mental health services, as well the availability of nonprofessional sources of help. (page 403)
  1. (7) Value: This research will prove the usefulness and non-usefulness of seeking help. This will help with my counterargument as well to show that it may not strictly be perfectionism, and that people of different sex and race are also found to have different reasons for these thoughts.

Research Blog #7: Your Case

My case for my paper is that students have this feeling that they need to be the most perfect and well rounded student during their college years. The high amounts of pressure they put on themselves makes them feel as though they are not "good enough", which them causes these students to become depressed. Many students go to much greater lengths and attempt to commit suicide, or even worse successfully commit suicide. Many cases that I have read along with the research I have done talk about how these students that commit suicide had been seeking help. For my case, I have collected many statistics on students with perfectionism, depression and then commit suicide.

Literature Review Blog #4

  1. (1) Visual:      
  1. (2) Citation: Robertson, Jason, and Deborah J. Taub. Preventing College Student Suicide. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2013. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 6 Dec. 2015.
  1. (3) Summary: This chapter in the book talks about how suicide is the second-leading cause of death among college students. Highlighting the successful strategies implemented by grantee campuses. The chapter mentions how different types of students have different rates of suicide, for example athletes.
  1. (4) Authors: Deborah J. Taub- Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Higher Education in the School of Education at UNCG. She received her Ph.D. in College Student Personnel Administration and her M.A. in College Student Personnel from the University of Maryland, College Park. She received her bachelor’s degree in English from Oberlin College.
  1. Jalonda Thompson- 
  1. (5) Key Terms: Mental health- The cause of committing or attempt of suicide.
  2. Campus Counseling- This chapter talks a lot about how many of these students were seeking help or had reached out to campus counseling before their suicidal attempts.
  1. (6) Quotes: Because it is estimated that 90 to 95 percent of those who die by suicide have some depression or substance abuse (Joiner, 2010; Moscicki, 2001), the state of college student mental health today is highly relevant to campus suicide prevention. (page 5)
  1. College students at risk for suicide can be divided into two large groups: those who come to college with an already diagnosed mental health problem and those who develop mental heath problems while in college (National Mental Health Association and the Jed Foundation, 2002) (page 6)
  1. Research suggests that 10 percent of college student athletes struggle with issues serious enough to warrant counseling (Ferrante, Etzel, and Lantz, 1996; Watson, 2006) (page 6)
  1. (7) Value: This chapter in the book can help with my original claim that athletes have higher suicide rates, and also disproves that it was not for perfectionism. I think this is a great addison to the other research I have done, along with showing the rates of different groups of students.

Literature Review Blog #3

Citation:Flett, GL, PL Hewitt, and MJ Heisel. "The Destructiveness Of Perfectionism Revisited: Implications For The Assessment Of Suicide Risk And The Prevention Of Suicide." Review Of General Psychology 18.3 (n.d.): 156-172. Social Sciences Citation Index. Web. 6 Dec. 2015.

Summary: This article shows perfectionism as a boost the risk of suicide. The main idea is that these people are committing suicide because of the need to be perfect, and because one can not achieve perfectionism these people see it as failure. It is also discuss why it is essential to design preventive programs designed to personality features with specific components that should reduce levels of risk among perfectionists.

Authors: Gordon L. Flett-  Department of Psychology, LaMarsh Centre for Child and Youth Research, York University
Paul L. Hewitt- Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia
Marnin J. Heisel- Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Western University.

Keywords: Perfectionism- idealism-- the common idea in these people that they are not good enough
hopelessness- the feeling of not doing anything correct

Quotes: Clearly, suicide is a complex phenomenon with many potential determinants and contributing factors. (page 156)

General public awareness of the role of perfectionism in suicides remains quite high at present, in part due to attention given to the suicides of famous people such as acclaimed director Tony Scott in 2012 and fashion designer L’Wren Scott in 2014, as well as highly publicized public inquests conducted following the suicides of perfectionists such as Nicola Worrall and Charmaine Dragun. (page 157)
Another study tested the roles of goal-reengagement and the behavioral inhibition system. O’Connor and Forgan’s (2007) cross-sectional investigation of 255 undergraduate students found that socially prescribed perfectionism was associated with elevated suicide ideation. (page 160) 

Value: This is a strong piece to include in my projects, because the main topic is perfectionism. This main idea enforces the idea the perfectionism is a huge component to suicide among college students.  There are a lot of strong points that link perfectionism to suicide, which will bring a great deal of credit into my paper. 

Sunday, December 6, 2015

Literature Review Blog #2

  1. (1) Visual:
  1. (2) Citation: 
  1. Hewitt, PL, et al. "Perfectionism, Stress, Daily Hassles, Hopelessness, And Suicide Potential In      Depressed Psychiatric Adolescents." Journal Of Psychopathology And Behavioral Assessment 36.4 (n.d.): 663-674. Social Sciences Citation Index. Web. 6 Dec. 2015.
  1. (3) Summary: This study shows how perfectionism, stress, and hopelessness play such a big role in adolescents lives. The study talks about the numbers behind these adolescents, if they have attempted suicide in the past, if they were diagnosed with depression, and where they fall on the perfectionism scale.
  1. (4) Authors: Paul L. Hewitt, Carmen F. Caelian, Chang Chen, Gordon L. Flett
  1. (5) Key Terms: Perfectionism- how it pertains to suicide and the key findings that people who commit suicide are more likely to have been a perfectionist.
  1. Stress- adolescents that commit suicide are doing so because of stress. This paper talks a lot about the role that stress plays and how these they experience stress 
  1. (6) Quotes: Perfectionism traits, as conceptualized by Hewitt and Flett (1991), are com- posed of self-oriented perfectionism (SOP, i.e., striving relent- lessly to perfectionist personal standards), socially prescribed perfectionism (SPP, i.e., the pressure to be perfect imposed on the self by others), and other-oriented perfectionism (OOP, i.e., the requirement that others must be perfect). (page 644)
  1. Therefore, it is important to determine whether other risk factors, such as perfectionism, would explain unique variance in suicide behavior beyond that predicted by other known risk factors such as depression and hopelessness.  (page 665)
  1. Interview measures of stress offer the advantages of accessing a wider range of stressful experiences than do checklists and minimizing some of the bias that may affect participants’ ratings on checklist measures. (page 671)
  1. (7) Value: My main focus is on college students who experience perfectionism, and this study explains how the adolescents in the study experiences perfectionism, stress, daily hassles, and hopelessness. This can be very beneficial to my project, I can use the numbers and look at the graphs and the explanations to show how perfectionism is a key factor among suicide of college students.

Research Blog #6: Visual

I chose this visual because it offers very significant statistics. This image shows the numbers of how many students who committed suicide were treated at student counseling centers, the numbers of leading causes of death in the United States, and the percentage of increase of college students who reported depression in the past six years. The percentages were where I was expecting them: 23% of students where treated at a student counseling centers and 56% increase in number of college students reporting depression symptoms. Suicide in the third leading cause of death in the United States for people aged 15 to 24, which was relatively high. These numbers should be going down, suicide should not be the number three cause of death for people that young. Their needs to be much more research done and talks about this issue to help college students, and show them there are other options. This visual is important for my projects because it shows how high suicide is for these college students.